Urology: Defining What It Is And What It Involves

by | Dec 28, 2016 | Health

The medical term “urology” is not one with which we are all familiar. In fact, it is something most of us would be hard pressed to define, let alone discuss in detail. However, the possibility exists that we may have to visit a urologist. If so, it would be a good thing to understand some of the basics concerning this medical specialty.

What Is Urology?

This surgical specialty focuses on the diagnosis, treatment and management of medical conditions that affect or involve both the male and the female urinary tract as well as the male reproductive organs. Someone practicing in this particular field is called a urologist.

What Does It Involve?

For someone to be a urologist, he or she has to be an expert in conditions that involve several of your least glamorous body parts. These are the:

  • Adrenal Glands
  • Bladder
  • Kidneys
  • Penis
  • Prostate
  • Testes
  • Ureters (tubes linking the kidneys to the bladder)
  • Urethra (tube that passes urine from the bladder out of your body)

It is up to your urologist to locate any problems and discuss with you a management and/or treatment plan. He or she will arrange for the medical management of such problems that may fall within their specialty or arrange for you to see a subspecialty within the field e.g. endourology or pediatric urology.

Common Urologic Problems

A urologist addresses a variety of problems that fall into his or her specialty. Among the more common urologic ones are those affecting the urinary tract or sexual functions. These include the following:

  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Kidney stones
  • Prostate cancer and enlargement
  • Stress incontinence
  • Bladder cancer
  • Testicular cancer
  • Urologists may also do in-office vasectomies.


When it comes to specialty medical fields, urology is not one most people talk about. However, it does play a very important role in ensuring we maintain the health of certain vital components of our body – ones we cannot afford to neglect.

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